International Day of Persons with Disabilities
The United Nations International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) has been celebrated on the 3rd December every year since 1992.
International Day of Persons with Disabilities aims to raise awareness of the struggles people with disabilities face, so the population is more educated on the subject. For example, a staggering estimate suggests that 10% of the population have a disability of some kind, with 80% of them living in developing countries.
What’s the theme of International Day of Persons with disabilities?
The UN has set out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the theme of International Day of Persons with Disabilities is “Achieving 17 Goals for the Future We Want”. They want to raise awareness of the goals and for us all to work together to try and make them happen, sooner rather than later.
The 17 SDGs are:
- End poverty in all its forms everywhere
- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
- Reduce inequality within and among countries
- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
These SDGs aim to make the world more equal and fair, building a feeling of togetherness and inclusiveness. That’s why the theme of International Day of Persons with Disabilities is achieving these vital goals because a more fair and inclusive world will benefit people suffering from disabilities greatly.
Another objective of International Day of Persons with Disabilities is to assess the current performance of the “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” (CRPD) and also of the SDGs. It is important to progress with both and days like International Day of Persons with Disabilities provide a great opportunity to help continuously improve and to stay on target.
This truly is a global initiative and this year marks the 10 year anniversary of the inception of the CRPD, which the UN states was the “most quickly and widely ratified international treaty put forth by the United Nations to date”.
This shows just how important this topic is.
Facts on world disability
The World Health Organisation have released these facts about disability in the world:
- At least 10% of the world’s population, or 650 million people, live with a disability.
- 20% of the world’s poor are disabled.
- The percentage of children with disabilities not attending school is extremely variable. It is between 65 – 85% in some African countries.
- Mortality for children with disabilities may be as high as 80% in countries where under-five mortality as a whole has decreased to below 20%.
- In many low-income and middle -income countries, only 5-15% of disabled people who require assistive devices and technology have access to them.